Background/Aims: Individuals with depression are more likely to consume poor diets and as a result are at increased risk of poor cardiometabolic health. Healthy diet may reduce depressive symptoms, however better understanding is needed of factors that support healthy eating in this population. There is limited evidence about how much consideration of the nutritional value of foods may be associated with food choices. The aim of this study was to investigate associations between food intake and consideration of nutritional value of foods in adults with depression.
Methods: N=161 adults with depression completed a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire and shopping and budgeting questionnaire. Associations between consideration of nutritional value and nutrition label use with vegetable, wholegrain, legume, snack food and soft drink intake were evaluated using linear regression, adjusting for age, gender and education.
Results: In adjusted models, more consideration of the nutrition value of foods was positively associated with vegetable intake (B=0.188; p=0.025), wholegrain intake (B=0.213; p=0.015) and negatively associated with snack food intake (B=-0.236, p=0.006). More frequent reading of nutrition labels was positively associated with legume intake (B=0.185; p=0.036). Better understanding of nutrition labels was positively associated with vegetable intake (B=0.780; p=0.035), wholegrain intake (B=0.233; p=0.008), and legume intake (B=0.254; p=0.004). There were no associations between soft drink intake and nutrition value consideration or nutrition label use.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that increasing consideration of the nutrition value of foods and nutrition label use may support healthy eating in adults with depression.
Funding source(s): NHMRC Program Grant PG631947